|© 1987 to Present Day, Eric Michel Ministries International. All rights reserved.
C. S. Lewis
What Are We to Make of Jesus Christ?
From: "God in the Dock" — C. S. Lewis
“Now the story of Christ is simply a true myth: a myth working on us in the same way as the others, but with the
tremendous difference that it really happened.” — C. S. Lewis
‘What are we to make of Jesus Christ?’ This is a question, which has, in a sense, a frantically comic side.
For the real question is not what are we to make of Christ, but what is He to make of us? The picture of a
fly sitting deciding what it is going to make of an elephant has comic elements about it. But perhaps the
questioner meant what are we to make of Him in the sense of ‘How are we to solve the historical problem
set us by the recorded sayings and acts of this Man?’ This problem is to reconcile two things. On the one
hand you have got the almost generally admitted depth and sanity of His moral teaching, which is not very
seriously questioned, even by those who are opposed to Christianity. In fact, I find when I am arguing with
very anti-God people that they rather make a point of saying, ‘I am entirely in favour of the moral teaching
of Christianity’ — and there seems to be a general agreement that in the teaching of this Man and of His
immediate followers, moral truth is exhibited at its purest and best. It is not sloppy idealism; it is full of wisdom
and shrewdness. The whole thing is realistic, fresh to the highest degree, the product of a sane mind. That
is one phenomenon.
The other phenomenon is the quite appalling nature of this Man’s theological remarks. You all know what I
mean, and I want rather to stress the point that the appalling claim, which this Man seems to be making, is
not merely made at one moment of His career. There is, of course, the one moment, which led to His execution.
The moment at which the High Priest said to Him, ‘Who are you?’ ‘I am the Anointed, the Son of the uncreated
God, and you shall see me appearing at the end of all history as the judge of the universe.’ But that claim, in
fact, does not rest on this one dramatic moment. When you look into his conversation you will find this sort of
claim running throughout the whole thing. For instance, He went about saying to people, ‘I forgive your sins’.
Now it is quite natural for a man to forgive something you do to him. Thus if somebody cheats me out of five
pounds it is quite possible and reasonable for me to say, ‘Well, I forgive him, we will say no more about it.’ What
on earth would you say if somebody had done you out of five pounds and I said, ‘That is all right, I forgive him?
Then there is a curious thing, which seems to slip out almost by accident. On one occasion this Man is sitting
looking down on Jerusalem from the hill about it and suddenly in comes an extraordinary remark — ‘I keep on
sending you prophets and wise men.’ Nobody comments on it. And yet, quite suddenly, almost incidentally, He is
claiming to be the power that all through the centuries is sending wise men and leaders into the world. Here is
another curious remark: in almost every religion there are unpleasant observances like fasting. This Man
suddenly remarks one day, ‘No one need fast while I am here.’ Who is this man who remarks one day, ‘No one
need fast while I am here.’ Who is this Man who remarks that His mere presence suspends all normal rules?
Who is the person who can suddenly tell the School they can have a half-holiday? Sometimes the statements
put forward the assumption that He, the Speaker, is completely without sin or fault. This is always the attitude.
‘You, to whom I am talking, are all sinners,’ and He never remotely suggests that this same reproach can be
brought against Him. He says again, ‘I am the begotten of the One God, before Abraham was, I am,’ And
remember what the words ‘I am’ were in Hebrew. They were the name of God, which must not be spoken by
any human being,the name which it was death to utter.
Well, that is the other side. On the one side clear, definite moral teaching. On the other, claims which, if not true,
are those of a megalomaniac, compared with whom Hitler was the most same and humble of men. There is no
halfway house and there is no parallel in other religions. If you had gone to Buddha and asked him: ‘Are you the
son of Brahma?’ he would have said, ‘My son, you are still in the vale of illusion.’ If you had gone to Socrates and
asked, ‘Are you Zeus?’ he would have laughed at you. If you had gone to Mohammed and asked, ‘Are you Allah?’
he would first have rent his clothes and then cut your head off. If you had asked Confucius, ‘Are you Heaven?’
I think he would have probably replied, ‘Remarks which are not in accordance with nature are in bad taste.’
The idea of a great moral teacher saying what Christ said is out of the question. In my opinion, the only person
who can say that sort of thing is either God or a complete lunatic suffering from that form of delusion, which
undermines the whole mind of man. If you think you are a poached egg, when you are not looking for a piece
of toast to suit you you may be sane, but if you think you are God, there is no chance for you. We may note in
passing that He was never regarded as a mere moral teacher. He did not produce that effect on any of the people
who actually met him. He produced mainly three effects — Hatred — Terror — Adoration. There was no trace of
people expressing mild approval.
What are we to do about reconciling the two contradictory phenomena? One attempt consists in saying that the
man did not really say these things; but that His followers exaggerated the story, and so the legend grew up that
he had said them. This is difficult because His followers were all Jews; that is, they belonged to that Nation which
of all others was most convinced that there was only one God — that there could not possibly be another. It is
very odd that this horrible invention about a religious leader should grow up among the one people in the whole
earth least likely to make such a mistake. On the contrary we get the impression that none of His immediate
followers or even of the New Testament writers embraced the doctrine at all easily.
Another point is that on that view you would have to regard the accounts of the Man as being legends. Now, as
a literary historian, I am perfectly convinced that whatever else the Gospels are they are not legends. I have read
a great deal of legend and I am quite clear that they are not the same sort of thing. They are not artistic enough
to be legends. From an imaginative point of view they are clumsy, they don’t work up to things properly. Most of
the life of Jesus is totally unknown to us, as is the life of anyone else who lived at that time, and no people building
up a legend would allow that to be so. Apart from bits of the Platonic dialogues, there is no conversation that I
know of in ancient literature like the Fourth Gospel. There is nothing, even in modern literature, until about
a hundred years ago when the realistic novel came into existence. In the story of the woman taken in adultery we
are told Christ bent down and scribbled in the dust with His finger. Nothing comes of this. No one has ever based
any doctrine on it. And the art of inventing little irrelevant details to make an imaginary scene more convincing is
a purely modern art. Surely the only explanation of this passage is that the thing really happened? The author put
it in simply because he had seen it.
Then we come to the strangest story of all, the story of the Resurrection. It is very necessary to get the story
clear. I heard a man say, ‘The importance of the Resurrection is that is gives evidence of survival, evidence that
the human personality survives death. ’ On that view what happened to Christ would be what had always
happened to all men, the difference being that in Christ’s case we were privileged to see it happening. This is
certainly not what the earliest Christian writers thought. Something perfectly new in the history of the universe
had happened. Christ had defeated death. The door, which had always been locked, had for the very first time
been forced open. This is something quite distinct from mere ghost-survival. I don’t mean that they disbelieved
in ghost-survival. I don’t mean that they disbelieved in ghost-survival. On the contrary, they believed in it so firmly
that, on more than one occasion, Christ had, had to assure them that He was not a ghost. The point is that while
believing in survival they yet regarded the Resurrection as something totally different and new. The Resurrection
narratives are not a picture of survival after death; they record how a totally new mode of being has arisen in the
universe. Something new had appeared in the universe: as new as the first coming of organic life. This Man, after
death, does not get divided into ‘ghost’ and ‘corpse’. A new mode of being has arisen. That is the story. What are
we going to make of it?
The question is, I suppose, whether any hypothesis covers the facts so well as the Christian hypothesis. That
hypothesis is that God has come down into the created universe, down to manhood — and come up again,
pulling it up with Him. The alternative hypothesis is not legend, nor exaggeration, nor the apparitions of a ghost.
It is either lunacy or lies. Unless one can take the second alternative (and I can’t) one turns to the Christian
‘What are we to make of Christ?’ There is no question of what we can make of Him; it is entirely a question of
what He intends to make of us. You must accept or reject the story.
The things he says are very different from what any other teacher has said. Others say, ‘This is the truth about
the universe. This is the way you ought to go,’ but He says, ‘I am the Truth, and the Way, and the Life.’ He says,
‘No man can reach absolute reality, except through Me. Try to retain your own life and you will be inevitably
ruined. Give yourself away and you will be saved.; He says, ‘If you are ashamed of Me, if, when you hear this call,
you turn the other way, I also will look the other way when I come again as God without disguise. If anything
whatever is keeping you from God and from me, whatever it is, throw it away. If it is your eye, pull it out. If it is your
hand, cut it off. If you put yourself first you will be last. Come to Me everyone who is carrying a heavy load, I will
set that right. Your sins, all of them, are wiped out, I can do that. I am Re-birth, I am Life. Eat ME, drink Me, I am
your Food. And finally, do not be afraid, I have overcome the whole Universe.’ That is the issue.
"Reprinted with permission from C.S. Lewis Society. Many other files may be found at: http://www.apologetics.org"
Statue of C. S. Lewis
looking into a wardrobe.
Entitled The Searcher
by Ross Wilson.
This file is licensed under the
Creative Commons Attribution
2.0 Generic license.
Is it your desire to get back together with your ex? Is it really possible to get your ex girlfriend or ex You
are certain of the fact that you want your ex back, you hope against all hope that it is possible but ultimately,
you don't have an inkling on how to act on this desire and where to begin. What you need is the Ex Back Formula
by Ed Banks and here's why.
I'm positive that you've typed this or something similar to this on a search engine at some point after you've
broken up: "Help, I want my ex back" or "Can I still get my ex back?" Yes, the advices and how-tos online
abound on how to get your ex back but they're always ambiguous and not measurable in terms of results, are
they not? This Ex Back Formula won't let you go through guesswork that might actually end up hurting your
chances of ever getting back together with your ex, instead It provides a clear-cut guide on how to deal with
every phase in a breakup including: ways to stop you from getting crazy up there with thoughts of your ex,
dealing with sadness or depression, clever ways you can do to get in touch with your ex without looking
needy or desperate, ways to act around your ex (how you should talk to them and etc.) and finally it details
the ways on how you can make your ex run back to you not out of pity but out of attraction. Apart from that, you
will also be provided with an extensive how-to on keeping a relationship and making it last, even if you've already
broken up before.
The Magic of Making Up by TW Jackson is another book that carries the same goal as the Ex Back Formula but
with a slightly different approach. But the one thing that these programs are guaranteed to be similar in is the
rules they provide are very counterintuitive or things you wouldn't have thought of yourself when you are in
survival mode. After a breakup, your body usually makes you do things you feel might help ease the pain you
are in but not necessarily take into account the consequences of those actions in the future. This is your
survival instinct kicking in and you usually can't trust it during or after a breakup.
The Ex Back Formula also provides answers to questions that most don't have clear answers to. These include
questions on what women and men really need in relationships; why people say you shouldn't contact your ex
and if they are right; whether it is okay to be in rebound relationships, if they're healthy; and whether it is okay
to meet up with your ex and if yes, where and how you should you meet up. Read the answers to these
questions, find out how you can get the program and finally get your ex back by reading the Product Reviews
Author's Resource Box
You need to check out a product review site if you want to know the facts about this.
Article Source: Article Content Directory
leader. Even the best leader can improve in one way or another. Keep reading for more.
Communicate your team's vision. Your mission is a great compass into the future, and you should know your
company values by heart so that you can integrate them into your daily actions. Let your team understand the
big picture and how they are contributing specifically. It's a fantastic way to give people direction and build up a
Great leaders inspire people to think creatively. When you use creative thinking and take risks you can often
end up in a greater place. Make attempts to explore the unknown and take the path less traveled. Even if the
idea doesn't work today, it might tomorrow. Try to get others involved with their ideas.
Accept that you will make mistakes. Even excellent leaders make mistakes. But what makes a great leader is
someone that can own up to it, and communicate the error to the company's employees. It allows people to see
that you're just a human and have flaws like every other human. It might seem counter-intuitive, but a dose of
humanity can produce loyalty from others.
Be ethical when dealing with others. A successful business is founded on ethics. When people know that you're
working with their interests in mind, they will start to view your company in a more positive light. Discipline
employees who fail to follow the principles you have set up because one bad employee can ruin an entire
Hire people from different backgrounds to help you. Age, educational, and cultural diversity will help you get
more in terms of perspectives. You don't want your whole workforce to be clones of you. That would just limit
creativity. Find people that complement each other's skills and weaknesses.
As an effective leader, it is necessary to be aware of your strengths and weaknesses. If you're cocky, you're
bound to fail. Identify your weaknesses and look for ways to improve them.
Think about synergy often. You must set goals for your personal life. Additionally, it is important to understand
the goals of your business. There should always be alignment between them and overlap from time to time.
You'll always be able to have both of these things worked on simultaneously. If you aren't enthusiastic, the work
will show it.
To be a good leader, it's important that you don't participate in favoritism. Show everyone the same amount of
respect and interest. It is important to treat others the way you would like to be treated. Be fair with everyone,
and fulfill your promises to them.
Don't allow favoritism to influence the workplace or other workers ideas. You should display the same level of
interest, open-mindedness and respect when you are dealing with any person. Good leaders treat people the
way they would like to be treated. Always be fair to subordinates and keep your promises.
Be sure you watch your ego, and do not keep yourself separated from your employees. While you may be in a
position of leadership, consider yourself to be a team member. One person can't do it all. Ultimately, you can
only be as strong as the team under you so let your people know they are valued.
Never act like you are better than your employees, and always be there for them. While you may be in a position
of leadership, consider yourself to be a team member. It's impossible for you to do everything. You are only as
great as the team you are on, so it is important to make everyone feel like part of that.
Get all pertinent information before making decisions. You have to be able to make sound decisions quickly and
decisively. Risks are a must. Making decisions confidently and taking risks when necessary will make you a
respected leader. Avoid second guessing yourself. Not every decision will be successful, but you should learn
Use what you learned here to improve your qualities. When you work toward leadership, more opportunities will
be available to you, and you can realize more of your potential. Know this and be sure to be confident to become
a better leader.
Article Source: Article Content Directory