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Understand the Bible completely
© 1987 to Present Day, Eric Michel Ministries International. All rights reserved.
http://ericmichelministries.org
Baptist Confession of Faith (1689)         
The Holy Scriptures are the only sufficient, certain and infallible rule for saving knowledge, faith, and obedience

GOD AND THE HOLY TRINITY
The Lord our God is the one and only living and true God
God has decreed all things that occur, and this he has done in himself, from all eternity, by the perfectly wise
and holy counsel of his own will, freely and unchangeably

CREATION
In the beginning it pleased God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, to create the world and all things in it, both
visible and invisible, in six days, and all very good. This was a demonstration of the glory of his eternal power,
wisdom, and goodness

PROVIDENCE
God, the good Creator of all things, in his infinite power and wisdom, upholds, directs, organizes and governs
all creatures and things, from the greatest to the least, by his perfectly wise and holy providence, to the end
for which they were created. He governs in accordance with his infallible foreknowledge and the free and
immutable counsel of his own will, to the praise of the glory of his wisdom, power, justice, infinite goodness
and mercy.

THE FALL, SIN AND ITS PUNISHMENT
God created Adam upright and perfect, and gave him a righteous law which secured life for him while he kept it,
but threatened death if he broke it. Yet Adam did not live long in this position of honour. Satan used the subtlety
of the serpent to subdue Eve, she seduced Adam, and Adam (without any compulsion) willfully transgressed the
law of their creation and the command given to them by eating the forbidden fruit. God was pleased to permit
this act, according to his wise and holy counsel, as it was his purpose to direct it toward his own glory

GOD'S COVENANT WITH THE HUMAN RACE
The distance between God and the creature is so great, that they could never have attained the reward of life
except by an act of voluntary condescension on God's part. This he has been pleased to express by way of a
covenant.

CHRIST THE MEDIATOR
It pleased God, in his eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, his only Son, in accordance with
the covenant made between them both, to be the Mediator between God and the human race; to be prophet,
priest, and king; to be the head and savior of his church, the heir of all things, and judge of the world. From
all eternity he gave to him a people to be his progeny. In time these would be redeemed, called, justified,
sanctified, and glorified by him


FREE WILL
God has provided the human will by nature with liberty and power to act upon choice; it is neither forced, nor
determined by any intrinsic necessity to do good or evil.

EFFECTUAL CALLING
Those whom God has predestined to life, he is pleased (in his appointed and accepted time)3 to effectually
call by his Word and Spirit. He calls them out of that state of sin and death in which they are by nature, to
grace and salvation by Jesus Christ. He enlightens their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the
things of God. He takes away their heart of stone, and gives to them a heart of flesh. He renews their wills,
and by his almighty power causes them to do what is good. He effectually draws them to Jesus Christ, yet
in such a way that they come completely freely, for they are made willing by his grace

JUSTIFICATION
Those whom God effectually calls he also freely justifies. He does this, not by infusing righteousness into
them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting them as righteous, not for anything
done in them or by them, but for Christ's sake alone. They are not justified because God imputes as their
righteousness either their faith itself, or the act of believing, or any other act of obedience to the gospel.
They are justified by God imputing Christ's active obedience to the whole law and his passive obedience
in death. By faith they receive and rest on his righteousness, and this faith they do no have of themselves
for it is the gift of God

ADOPTION
God has granted that, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, all those who are justified share in the grace
of adoption. By this they are numbered with and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God.
They have his name put upon them,and receive the Spirit of adoption. They have access to the throne
of grace with boldness, and are able to cry, 'Abba, Father!' They are pitied, protected, provided for,
and chastened by him as by a father, yet they are never cast off, but are sealed to
the day of redemption, and inherit the promises as heirs of everlasting salvation

SANCTIFICATION
Those who are united to Christ, effectually called and regenerated, have a new heart and a new spirit
created in them through the efficacy of Christ's death and resurrection. Furthermore, they are also really
and personally sanctified through the same means, by his Word and Spirit dwelling in them. The power
of every part of the body of sin is destroyed, and its various lusts are increasingly weakened and put to
death, and saving graces are increasingly brought to life and strengthened in them so that they practice
true holiness without which no one shall see the Lord.

SAVING FAITH
The grace of faith is the work of the Spirit of Christ in their hearts. It is normally brought into being by
the ministry of the Word. It is increased and strengthened by the ministry of the Word, and by the
administration of baptism and the Lord's supper, prayer, and other means appointed by God

REPENTANCE TO LIFE AND SALVATION
Some of the elect are converted in later years, having lived for some time in their natural state in which
they have served various lusts and pleasures. Then God gives them repentance to life by effectually
calling them.

GOOD WORKS
Good works are only those which God has commanded in his holy Word. Works which do not have
such warrant, and are invented by people out of blind zeal or on pretence of good intentions, are not
good works

THE PERSEVERANCE OF BELIEVERS
The elect are those whom God has accepted in Christ the Beloved, effectually called and sanctified
by his Spirit, and given the precious faith of his elect. These can neither totally nor finally fall from
the state of grace, but they shall certainly persevere in grace to the end and be eternally saved.
For God will not repent of his gifts and calling, therefore he continues to bring about
and nourish in them faith, repentance, love, joy, hope, and all the graces of the Spirit that lead
to immortality

ASSURANCE OF GRACE AND SALVATION
Temporary believers and other unregenerate people may deceive themselves with futile and false
hopes and un-spiritual presumptions that they are in favour with God and in a state of salvation,
but their hope will perish. Yet those who truly believe in the Lord Jesus, and love him in sincerity,
and endeavor to walk in all good conscience before him, may be certainly assured in this life that
they are in the state of grace; they may rejoice in the hope of the glory of God, knowing that such
hope will never make them ashamed

THE LAW OF GOD
God gave to Adam a law of universal obedience written in his heart, and a specific precept not to eat
the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil. By this he bound him and all his descendants to
personal, total, exact, and perpetual obedience.God promised life on fulfilling it, and threatened death
on breaching it, and he endued him with power and ability to keep it

THE GOSPEL AND ITS GRACIOUS EXTENT

20.1 As the covenant of works was broken by sin and was unable to confer life, God was pleased
to promise Christ, the seed of the woman, as the means of calling the elect and bringing to life within
them faith and repentance. In this promise the substance of the Gospel was revealed as the effectual
means for the conversion and salvation of sinners.

CHRISTIAN LIBERTY AND LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE
The liberty which Christ has purchased for believers under the Gospel consists of their freedom from
the guilt of sin, the condemning wrath of God, and the severity and curse of the [moral] law. It also
includes their deliverance from this present evil world, bondage to Satan, the dominion of sin, the
distress of afflictions, the fear and sting of death, the victory of the grave, and everlasting damnation.
Furthermore, it includes their free access to God, and their ability to yield obedience to him, not out
of slavish fear, but with childlike love, and willing minds.

WORSHIP AND THE LORD'S DAY
The light of nature shows that there is a God who has lordship and sovereignty over all. He is just
and good and does good to all. Therefore he is to be feared, loved, praised, called upon, trusted in,
and served with all the heart and soul and strength

LAWFUL OATHS AND VOWS
A lawful oath is an act of worship in which the person swearing in [the light of God's] truth, righteousness
and judgement, solemnly calls God to witness what he swears, and to judge him according to the truth
or falsity of it

CIVIL GOVERNMENT
God, the supreme Lord and King of all the world, has ordained civil authorities to be under him and over
the people, for his own glory and the public good. For this purpose he has armed them with the authority
to use force, to defend and encourage those who do good, and to punish evil doers

MARRIAGE
Marriage is to be between one man and one woman. It is not lawful for any man to have more than one wife,
nor for any woman to have more than one husband at the same time.

THE CHURCH
The universal church may be called the invisible church. It consists of the complete number of the elect
who have been, who are, or who shall be gathered into one under Christ its Head. The church is the bride,
the body, the fullness of Christ who fills all in all

THE FELLOWSHIP OF BELIEVERS
All believers are united to Jesus Christ their Head by his Spirit and by faith, although this does not make
them one person with him. Therefore they have fellowship in his graces, sufferings, death, resurrection,
and glory. Being united to one another in love, they have fellowship in each other's gifts and graces,
and are obliged to discharge their duties, both public and private, in an orderly way so as to ensure
their mutual good in both spiritual and temporal matters.

THE ORDINANCES
Baptism and the Lord's Supper are ordinances explicitly and sovereignly appointed by the Lord Jesus,
the only lawgiver, to be continued in his church to the end of the world.

BAPTISM
Baptism is an ordinance of the New Testament, ordained by Jesus Christ, to be to the person baptized
a sign of fellowship with Christ in his death and resurrection, of being grafted into him, of remission of sins,
and of giving up oneself to God, through Jesus Christ, to live and walk in newness of life.

THE LORD'S SUPPER
The supper of our Lord Jesus was instituted by him the same night he was betrayed, to be observed in
his churches until the end of the world as a perpetual remembrance of him and to show forth the sacrifice
of himself in his death. It was also instituted to confirm the faith of believers in all the benefits in Christ's
death, for their spiritual nourishment and growth in him, for their further engagement in and commitment
to all the duties they owe him, and to be a bond and pledge of their fellowship with him and with one another

THE STATE OF PEOPLE AFTER DEATH AND THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD
After death the bodies of people return to dust and undergo decomposition, but their souls immediately
return to God who gave them. The souls of the righteous are then made perfect in holiness, they are
received into paradise where they are with Christ and look on the face of God in light and glory, and
wait for the full redemption of their bodies. The souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain
in torment and utter darkness, reserved for judgment on the great day of judgment. For souls separated
from their bodies, the Scripture acknowledges no other place than these two.

THE LAST JUDGMENT
God has appointed a day when he will judge the world in righteousness by Jesus Christ, to whom the
Father has given all power and judgment. On that day, not only the apostate angels will be judged,
but also all people who have lived on the earth. They will appear before Christ's judgment throne to give
an account of their thoughts, words, and deeds, and to receive judgment according to what they have
done in the body, whether good or evil.
This work was published before January 1, 1924, and is in the public domain worldwide because
the author died at least 100 years ago. https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1689_Baptist_Confession_of_Faith